Force Calculator is here to help you calculate force from Newton's second law of motion. read tolearn that strengthand isWhat types of forces exist in classical mechanics?. we will also explainhow to find strength in exercises using strength formula. Finally, we also illustratewhat is the net forcewith an easy example.
If you need to find a specific force, maybe one of these calculators can help you:
- Gravitational Force Calculator
- normal force calculator
- centrifugal force calculator
- friction calculator
- voltage calculator
- buoyancy calculator
- pressure calculator
Definition of Force and Force Equation
What is strength?
🙋 The strength isany interaction that, if unopposed, can alter the motion of an object.
If you are asked, "What is strength?" someone who is not a physicist would probably think about pushing and pulling. A physicist would think of the change in velocity of an object. To understand why, let's look at the force equation:
- anit's theaccelerationof the object expressed in meters per second squared[subway/s2];
- metrois the mass of an object in kilograms[kg]; y
- Fis the force measured in newtons[norte].
Acceleration is the change in velocity over time. And, as you see in the force formula, the greater the force, the greater the acceleration. So if something is accelerating, say a car, it can transmit a significant force if it collides with another car. This force is proportional to the mass of the car and its acceleration (from standstill). Another example would be the human impact force, where the mass and acceleration of the body are directly proportional to the impact force.
To use the force calculator, enter two of these variables: mass, acceleration, or force in any unit and quickly get the missing number.
If you are calculating force yourself, always use the SI system to avoid errors.What is the SI unit of force? is newton [norte]- named after Isaac Newton - mathematician, physicist and discoverer of gravity. In SI base units, a newton is equal to:
For more information on power units, visit ourpower converter.
Newton's laws of motion
Newton developed three laws of motion that explain the motion of all physical objects. They are the foundation of everything.classical mechanics, which is also known asnewtonian mechanics.
Newton's first law of motion
An object will either remain at rest or continue to move in uniform motion unless acted upon by an external force.
Newton's second law of motion
The force exerted by an object is equal to the mass times the acceleration of that object:F=metro⋅an.
Newton's third law of motion
When one body exerts a force on a second body, the second body exerts a force of equal magnitude and opposite direction on the first body (for every action, there is always an equal but opposite reaction).
types of forces
All forces in classical mechanics are subject to three of Newton's laws of motion.
gravitational forceis the attraction between any two objects of non-zero mass. You walk on the ground instead of floating because of this force: gravity. It's wielded by everything around you, like the screen you're reading this on. It's so little; it is imperceptible
normal forceis the reaction to the gravitational force- a perfect example of Newton's third law. When you are standing, you exert a force (equal to the force of gravity) on the ground. The ground exerts an equal force on you.
Frictionis a force that opposes motion. It is proportional to the normal force acting between an object and the ground. In winter, sand is applied to icy surfaces to increase friction and prevent slipping.
Voltageis an axial force that passes through ropes, chains, springs, and other objects when there is external tension. For example, if you are walking your dog and you pull him forward, you create tension in the leash.
centrifugal forceis a force acting on a rotating object. Have you ever been on a carousel? Do you remember the feeling of being pushed out? The centrifugal force caused that sensation.
Pressureis a measure of the force applied to a surface. If you inflate a balloon, the air particles inside it will exert pressure on the balloon. All particles feel the same force, so the balloon inflates evenly.
How to find strength?
Let's look at some exercises so that nothing surprises you in your physics class.
1. Find the acceleration and retardation (stopping) force:
A cheetah has a mass of 50 kg. It accelerates from rest to 50 km/h in 3 seconds. It then starts to slow down steadily and stops after 8 seconds.
First, find the acceleration:
50kilometers per hourIt's the same as13.89millisecond(we calculate withspeed converter).
Acceleration is equal to the difference in velocity over time:
Calculate the acceleration force:
- Delay Strength:
The retarding force is negative because it is in the opposite direction to the accelerating force.
2. How much force do you need to accelerate an object (metro=2kg) for8subway/s2? What happens when the object is three times as heavy? How does strength affect?
If the mass is three times as heavy, the force must be three times as great.
What is the resultant force?
strength is onevector. That means it has a value and an address. That's why you can't add them like regular (scalar) numbers.
Himresultant force(Fnorte) is the sum of the vectors of all the individual forces acting on an object. For example, let's look at a falling ball. It is affected by gravitational force (FGRAMS=5norte), air resistance (FR=1norte) and the lateral force caused by the wind (FC=2norte).
- First, find the resultant force of the horizontal forces. They have opposite directions, so in part they cancel each other out:
Now find the net force on the two remaining forces.
Here, you can calculate it usingtheorem of Pythagoras(in a right triangle:an2+b2=C2). For more information on adding vectors, go to thevector sum calculator.
The resultant force acting on a ball is equal to 2√5 N.
Now that you know the three laws of motion and Newton's definition of force, consult one of the calculators listed at the beginning. There we explain in detail all types of forces. We also recently did a fun experiment where we tested what would win a race: a toilet paper roll or a bottle. Check it out to learn about moment of inertia and mass acceleration!
frequently asked questions
How to find acceleration with force and mass?
To find the acceleration given force and mass:
- Divide the force by the mass.
- Remember to use SI base units. This meansnewtonby force andkilogramsfor dough
- Enjoy your acceleration inmeters per second squared.
Is weight a force?
Weight is another name forgravitational force. In physics, mass and weight are not the same thing. Mass is a property of an object. It resists any change in movement.Weight is a force acting on a mass due to gravity.. On Earth, if your mass is 70 kilograms, your weight is about 700 Newtons (precisely 686.5 Newtons).
Is the force a vector?
Yes, force is a vector.. This means that it is defined by bothmagnitudeyHousehold. Scalars, such as mass or length, are defined only by magnitude. Therefore, if you apply two forces to an object, you cannot add them as scalars. You have to keep in mind the direction and find theresultant force– the vector sum of the forces.
What is the force formula?
The force formula is defined byNewton's second law of motion:
The force exerted by an object is equal to the mass times the acceleration of that object: F = m ⨉ a.
To use this formula, you need to use SI units:newtonby force,kilogramsfor the mass andmeters per second squaredfor acceleration
What happens when two forces act in the same direction?
When two forces act in the same direction,addand create a resultant force equal to their sum.
How are force and motion related?
Force is any interaction that, if unopposed, can alter the motion of an object.Without an external force, an object in motion will continue to move with constant speed and direction, and an object at rest will remain at rest. If an external unbalanced force is applied, an object will change its motion by changing its speed and/or direction.
The relationship between force and motion is defined byNewton's laws of motion.
What are the types of forces?
Types of forces in physics:
- contact forces– Normal force, applied force, friction force, tensile force, air resistance force; y
- non-contact forces– Gravitational force, electric force, magnetic force.
Is acceleration a force?
Acceleration is not a force.. Acceleration is the change in velocity over time. Like force, acceleration is a vector, so it has magnitude and direction. According to Newton's second law of motion, acceleration is proportional to force: F = m ⨉ a. The direction of acceleration of an object is determined by the direction of the net force acting on that object.
Can the net force be negative?
The resultant force can be positive or negative.. The net force is the sum of the vectors of all the individual forces acting on an object. Forces always have a positive magnitude, but to make it easier to calculate the net force, we assume that forces pointing in opposite directions have different signs. We often say that forces pointing to the right are positive and forces pointing to the left are negative. So if you have two opposing forces acting on an object and the net force points to the left, you can say that the net force is negative.
What is the difference between balanced and unbalanced forces?
Balanced forces have the same magnitude but opposite direction.. They balance and sothey cancel out. A classic example of balanced forces would be the gravitational force and the normal force acting on an object placed on a horizontal surface. Balanced forces do not cause changes in an object's direction or speed.
Unbalanced forces do not have the same magnitude.. If an unbalanced force acts on an object, the objectaffects the movement of the object. For example, if something falls, it is due to the force of gravity. The force of air resistance counteracts gravity, but it doesn't balance it if the object is too heavy.
Do balanced forces cause a change in motion?
Balanced forces do not cause a change in motion.. Two forces are balanced when they have the same magnitude and opposite direction, so they cancel each other out. Together, they do not affect the speed or direction of an object's movement.
What is contact force?
Contact force is any force that needs contact to occur. Friction and normal force are contact forces because they appear when an object is in contact with a surface. On the other hand, a non-contact force such as gravity acts without contact with an object.